Established during 1972, with a dry land of area 119 square miles. It generally has a very humid but warm climate, very famourable for most species that live there. It is home to even plants such as Satin trees, ebony , etc. However the main attraction is the elephants of which this reserve is very famous for. The endangered Sambar deer and leopards along with a lot of mammals can be seen while on Safari. Birdwatching is done here to see the Sri lankan spurfowl an endemic species along with a lot of other birds.